How 15 major industrial corporations were able to pay dividends without interruption for more than a century each, and the lessons this holds for corporations today, as they struggle to survive in the turmoil of uncertainty and economic globalization. Grossman and Jennings examine 15 industrial companies, each with a century of uninterrupted dividends, and find in their values and management styles unique characteristics that other companies today would be well advised to understand and seek to emulate. Each of the 15 knew they were in business for one purpose: To make money-- and each knew what it had to do to make it. They also knew what they would not do. Dynamic, questioning, always in search of ways to march in step with a changing society, they constantly asked themselves one critical question: What business are we in? The answers they found, the principles of management they discovered and practiced, the values they recognized and adopted--all helped them prosper. Not only did they survive but they also paid dividends to their shareholders in all kinds of economic weather. Now, in an era of gurus and buzzwords, fad theories, and du jour approaches to business success, the stories of these companies reaffirm the simple, timeless precepts. They remind managers of any growing company that there are indeed notions, principles, and management techniques that have proved themselves over time, and which still have the strength to guide organizations today toward a profitable, enduring corporate life. The authors assert that no one before them has examined companies with long-term success, as defined by their ability to pay dividends without interruption. In fact, in the history of U.S. industry there have only been 15. Through World War I, II and the Depression, they managed to have the earnings and the will to provide their shareholders with an annual return on their investments. For the same reason we study historical figures to learn who they are, what they did, and what their accomplishments mean for us today, so too do we study these uncommon 15. They offer straightforward insights into how businesses grow and survive. The companies and their stories exhibit common links: Strong corporate values, the importance they placed upon employees, the strengths gained from the longevity of their corporate leaders, and the role played by diversification--all helped make their ongoing successes possible. Anecdotal but solidly research-based, engrossing and readable, with diagrams and other illustrations to help today's managers evaluate their own organizations and plans for growth, the book will be a major contribution to our understanding of the past, and a view of what might be the best in the future of today's organizations.
As social media use explodes in popularity, teachers can now share resources and interact with a broad international audience of colleagues, scholars, students, and the general public. Teachers use sites such as Twitter to develop and hone their professional identities and manage others' impressions of them and their work. This text draws on extensive research to provide guidance about teachers' use of social media for professional development and identity formation. A conceptual framework drawing on Goffman's Theory of the Presentation of Self in Everyday Life and research into how users interact online informed the case studies of preservice teachers' experiences with social media. A secondary function of the book is to guide teachers through the process of conducting action research projects in their own classrooms. Use of social media involves more than just sharing links or scattered thoughts; savvy users consider a wide variety of methods and forms of interaction. This text shares research-based best practices for these forms of information sharing, including the effects of these practices on different audiences. Twitter and other forms of social media offer an easily accessible, free mode of communication; however, while asking a question and obtaining answers from people all over the globe is exciting, and while this process can be empowering for both the questioner and the responder, it can also be problematic as viewed from a quality control perspective. Is the information accurate? Does it reflect research-based best practices? What are some of the ways that teachers can and should form personae and identities on social media? What are the risks? This text chips away at these crucial questions.
Fundamentals of Building Construction Materials and Methods Second Edition Edward Allen This remarkably complete introduction to the art of building sets the materials and building systems in an historical context. This unique evolutionary approach to building construction includes a description of how materials are obtained and processed, an outline of the people and organizations who work with each material, their tools and working methods, and the role of one building system in relation to others. Chapters include a listing of key terms and concepts useful in enlarging a technical vocabulary, review questions that underscore key concepts, and exercises that apply lessons to real-life situations. 1990 (0 471-50911-6) 803 pp. Understanding Infrastructure A Guide for Architects and Planners George Rainer This landmark reference--written for concerned professionals--describes the basic mechanisms essential to city function. Each element of infrastructure is discussed--from water supply, sewers and storm drainage, solid and hazardous wastes, energy, telecommunication, streets, bridges, to water-front infrastructure, rail/transit and aviation, buses, and parks--and set in a context familiar to the design professional. Includes an extensive discussion of standard and innovative solutions as well as relevant environmental, legal, and economic considerations. 1990 (0 471-50546-3) 278 pp. Construction Specifications Writing Principles and Procedures Third Edition Harold J. Rosen and Tom Heineman The classic guide to the principles and practice of specifications writing has been fully updated to reflect the latest AIA and CSI standards, the newest computer applications to spec writing, and the linkage of key databases to specifications. Retaining the format of its successful predecessors, this Third Edition outlines the basic principles, concepts and uses of specifications, showing how they relate to contract documents developed by the architect and engineer. Specific guidelines include methods for establishing the scope and general requirements of the project specification, evaluating and specifying building materials, and writing specifications that conform to industry standards in style and format. 1990 (0 471-61892-6) 286 pp.
Hypercrosslinked network polymers present a new class of polymeric materials with very wide application possibilities, including adsorption technology, ion exchange, HPLC, analytical chemistry, nanotechnology (nanocomposites), medical polymers
Results of the 2007 Nuremberg Conference on Peace and Justice: Tensions between peace and justice have long been debated by scholars, practitioners and agencies including the United Nations, and both theory and policy must be refined for very practical application in situations emerging from violent conflict or political repression. Specific contexts demand concrete decisions and approaches aimed at redress of grievance and creation of conditions of social justice for a non-violent future. There has been definitive progress in a world in which blanket amnesties were granted at times with little hesitation. There is a growing understanding that accountability has pragmatic as well as principled arguments in its favour. Practical arguments as much as shifts in the norms have created a situation in which the choice is increasingly seen as "which forms of accountability" rather than a stark choice between peace and justice. It is socio-political transformation, not just an end to violence, that is needed to build sustainable peace. This book addresses these dilemmas through a thorough overview of the current state of legal obligations; discussion of the need for a holistic approach including development; analysis of the implications of the coming into force of the ICC; and a series of "hard" case studies on internationalized and local approaches devised to navigate the tensions between peace and justice.
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