How 15 major industrial corporations were able to pay dividends without interruption for more than a century each, and the lessons this holds for corporations today, as they struggle to survive in the turmoil of uncertainty and economic globalization. Grossman and Jennings examine 15 industrial companies, each with a century of uninterrupted dividends, and find in their values and management styles unique characteristics that other companies today would be well advised to understand and seek to emulate. Each of the 15 knew they were in business for one purpose: To make money-- and each knew what it had to do to make it. They also knew what they would not do. Dynamic, questioning, always in search of ways to march in step with a changing society, they constantly asked themselves one critical question: What business are we in? The answers they found, the principles of management they discovered and practiced, the values they recognized and adopted--all helped them prosper. Not only did they survive but they also paid dividends to their shareholders in all kinds of economic weather. Now, in an era of gurus and buzzwords, fad theories, and du jour approaches to business success, the stories of these companies reaffirm the simple, timeless precepts. They remind managers of any growing company that there are indeed notions, principles, and management techniques that have proved themselves over time, and which still have the strength to guide organizations today toward a profitable, enduring corporate life. The authors assert that no one before them has examined companies with long-term success, as defined by their ability to pay dividends without interruption. In fact, in the history of U.S. industry there have only been 15. Through World War I, II and the Depression, they managed to have the earnings and the will to provide their shareholders with an annual return on their investments. For the same reason we study historical figures to learn who they are, what they did, and what their accomplishments mean for us today, so too do we study these uncommon 15. They offer straightforward insights into how businesses grow and survive. The companies and their stories exhibit common links: Strong corporate values, the importance they placed upon employees, the strengths gained from the longevity of their corporate leaders, and the role played by diversification--all helped make their ongoing successes possible. Anecdotal but solidly research-based, engrossing and readable, with diagrams and other illustrations to help today's managers evaluate their own organizations and plans for growth, the book will be a major contribution to our understanding of the past, and a view of what might be the best in the future of today's organizations.
"This book examines the phenomenon of Germanic volunteers to the SS through the stories of the neutral volunteers to the Waffen-SS leadership corps--those who became officers or assumed other positions of responsibility--as well as the SS institutions they worked for. Though many of the hundreds of thousands of non-Germans who fought for the Nazi regime were likely coerced into joining by the occupying Germans, this book focuses on volunteers from countries outside of Germany's control--Switzerland, Sweden, and Denmark--thereby eliminating coercion or propaganda as explanations for their decisions to volunteer. Unlike non-Germanic volunteers who were given a lower status within the Waffen-SS or came under the command of the German army, volunteers from the Germanic countries were fully integrated into the Waffen-SS and were simultaneously members of the elite SS umbrella organization. Moreover, out of the Germanic volunteers, those from the neutral countries proved to be particularly interested not only in fighting for the regime, but also in working as administrators to establish a Greater Germanic Reich ... [It is] an attempt at integrating the personal stories of Germanic volunteers to the Waffen-SS into the larger narrative of efforts to reorganize large portions of Europe under the Nazi regime. It examines who these men were, what drove them, how they contributed to various aspects of the Nazi project, and how their views developed during the course of the war. At the same time, the book seeks to link these men to decision making on the part of the German SS leadership, including its chief, Himmler. That is, I wish to treat these men as the real historical actors they were. This is a study of perpetrators, of ideology, of the unique institution that was the SS, and, above all, of the interaction of the three. In particular, this book examines the hundred most influential and high-ranking neutral volunteers, all of whom either worked for or closely with the Germanische Leitstelle, the office most central to the Germanic project within the SS. Hence, a narrative following the development of this office parallels the biographies of these men"--Introduction.
Building the 'New Europe' is at the core of the new international economic and political initiatives leading the world through the nineties and toward the twenty-first century. This challenge rests on dual processes: on the one hand, the European Community-wide single market and monetary integration; and, on the other, the East European transition to the market place and integration with Western economies. The volume is divided into two parts. The first section includes essays on the general and specific topics linked to the transitions to a market economy and to a pluralist political system. The second section comprises essays on individual countries, such as Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia and the Republics of the former Soviet Union.
Linking People, Place, and Policy: A GIScience Approach describes a breadth of research associated with the study of human-environment interactions, with particular emphasis on land use and land cover dynamics. This book examines the social, biophysical, and geographical drivers of land use and land cover patterns and their dynamics, which are interpreted within a policy-relevant context. Concepts, tools, and techniques within Geographic Information Science serve as the unifying methodological framework in which landscapes in Thailand, Ecuador, Kenya, Cambodia, China, Brazil, Nepal, and the United States are examined through analyses conducted using quantitative, qualitative, and image-based techniques.
Linking People, Place, and Policy: A GIScience Approach addresses a need for a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of GIScience for research and study within the context of human-environment interactions. The human dimensions research community, land use and land cover change programs, and human and landscape ecology communities, among others, are collectively viewing the landscape within a spatially-explicit perspective, where people are viewed as agents of landscape change that shape and are shaped by the landscape, and where landscape form and function are assessed within a space-time context. This book articulates some of these challenges and opportunities.
Historically, software simulation has been the vehicle of choice for studying computer architecture because of its flexibility and low cost. Regrettably, designers of software simulators must choose between providing high performance or detailed hardware emulation. Building hardware, in contrast, provides high performance and accurate results, but lacks the flexibility to explore multiple designs and is very expensive. These tradeoffs have impeded our ability to thoroughly explore and evaluate new computer architectures. The Flexible Architecture for Simulation and Testing (FAST) provides a foundation for future many core and TLP-focused computer architecture research by combining the flexibility of software with the accuracy and speed of hardware enabling Computer Architects to implement/simulate new multithreaded, multiprocessor, or Chip Multiprocessor (CMP) architectures for in-depth evaluation and software development. By combining dedicated microprocessor, SRAMs and Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), FAST operates at hardware speeds and can emulate on and off chip latency and bandwidth. This book describes the implementation, architecture and proposes the next generation!
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